America on Record: A History of Recorded Sound (2nd Edition) by André Millard

By André Millard

With Thomas Edison's invention of the phonograph, the gorgeous song that used to be the safeguard of the rich grew to become a heavily produced buyer reliable, reasonable adequate to be to be had to all. In 1877 Edison dreamed that sooner or later there will be a conversing desktop in each domestic. the United States on checklist: A heritage of Recorded Sound, first released in 2006, offers a heritage of sound recording from the 1st skinny sheet of tinfoil that was once manipulated into protecting sound to the house recordings of rappers within the Eighties and the high-tech studios of the Nineties. This publication examines the real technical advancements of acoustic, electrical, and electronic sound copy whereas outlining the cultural influence of recorded song and flicks. This moment variation updates the tale, describing the electronic revolution of sound recording with the increase of desktops, Napster, DVD, MP3, and iPod.

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Extra resources for America on Record: A History of Recorded Sound (2nd Edition)

Example text

Morse code was punched into a strip of paper in the form of holes. These holes made electrical contact in the transmitter which caused breaks in the circuit. The strips of paper could be run through the transmitter at very high speeds. At the receiving end, the electrical pulses were recorded onto a strip of paper either by electrochemical changes or by an electrically activated ink recorder. Thomas Edison had plenty of experience in automatic telegraphy when he opened his Menlo Park laboratory in 1876.

Once Edison had moved from Menlo Park to West Orange in 1887, he began to construct two large factories to assemble talking machines. This industrial complex was called the Edison Phonograph Works. It was the first part of an ambitious plan to fill the Orange Valley with factories, all making the new products invented at the laboratory. There were as many business enterprises as there were uses for recorded sound technology: talking dolls, speaking cash registers, and automatic coin-in-the-slot phonographs which could be used in amusement arcades.

The disc format could now challenge the cylinder on its own terms. Johnson had managed to transfer the technique that Edison 48 The acoustic era had perfected for the cylinder to Berliner's disc. He borrowed from Edison's prior experiments and used Edison equipment in his recording. The proximity of Johnson's shop in Camden to the Edison laboratory in West Orange probably played a part in the diffusion of this technology. In 1899, when Johnson had achieved his first success in his duplication process, the experimental team at West Orange had finally produced acceptable duplicates of pre-recorded cylinders from their matrices.

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