By Marjorie A. Hoy
Content material: creation to Acarology common advent to Acarology chosen References chosen web pages correct to Acarology the connection of Mites to different Arthropods features of the Arthropoda better type of Mites chosen References easy constitution and serve as of Mites Morphology Feeding and nutrition varieties Excretion Water stability Muscle approach respiratory The apprehensive and Sensory platforms The Circulatory method Lifecycles Diapause Dispersal replica Genetics and intercourse choice chosen References assortment, identity and Culturing of Mites assortment ambitions amassing Plant-Feeding or Predatory Mites tracking Vertebrates for Parasitic Mites and Ticks id of Mites Culturing Mites extra Acarological details chosen References built-in Mite administration procedure and strategies the method of built-in Mite administration ancient evaluation Classical, Augmentative, and Conservation organic keep an eye on Quarantines Cultural Controls Genetic keep watch over Chemical regulate Pesticide Resistance Host-Plant Resistance Sampling and tracking tools Crop Pest keep watch over specialists and built-in Pest administration chosen References Pest Mites and Their typical Enemies on crops Tetranychidae: superior Plant Pests Systematics. Biology function of Silk Dispersal inhabitants Dynamics Tetranychid Anatomy chosen Species of Plant Pests by way of Genus Tetranychidae and Plant illnesses Tetranychidae as Weed regulate brokers Host-Plant Resistance to Tetranychidae Resistance to Host-Plant Resistance Pesticide Resistance in Tetranychids chosen References The Tarsonemidae Biology of the Plant-Feeding Tarsonemidae Steneotarsonemus (or Phytonemus) pallidus Polyphagotarsonemus (or Hemitarsonemus) latus regulate different Pest Species of Tarsonemids chosen References The Eriophyoidea: the great, the undesirable, and the Unknown uncomplicated Biology Vectors of illness: certainly bad chosen Eriophyoid Pests gathering and Sampling Eriophyoids Eriophyoids as substitute Prey: in all probability sturdy. Invasive Eriophyoid Species: essentially undesirable organic keep watch over of Weeds by means of Eriophyoid Mites: most likely stable id of Eriophyoids keep an eye on of Eriophyoids chosen References The Tenuipalpidae (Flat or fake Spider Mites) as Pests Biology a few Tenuipalpid Pests all over the world. Transmission of Plant illnesses keep an eye on of Tenuipalpids chosen References The Penthaleidae Systematics and Distribution Red-Legged Earth Mite (RLEM) Blue Oat Mite (Penthaleus species) chosen References associates or Foes? The Anystidae: neighbors of constrained price. The Hypoaspidae: neighbors, specifically for Augmentative Releases. The Tuckerellidae: capability Pests infrequently came across other than in Tropical and Subtropical Climates The Tydeidae: quite often neighbors as Predators, replacement Prey, and Sanitizing brokers The Acaridae: frequently Foes yet sometimes important? The Hemisarcoptidae: pals Requiring extra learn The Stigmaeidae: pals, in particular in Unsprayed Orchards and Vineyards. The Oribatida (Cryptostigmata): frequently worthy within the Soil yet can cause Crop Root harm and Contaminate meals chosen References The Phytoseiidae: potent usual Enemies normal Biology Phytoseiid Systematics Phytoseiids in Augmentative organic keep an eye on courses Life-Table Analyses of Phytoseiids Prey-Location habit Dispersal Plant-Emitted Volatiles and organic regulate. Pesticide Resistances in Phytoseiids Genetic development of Phytoseiids Rearing tools for Spider Mites and Phytoseiids chosen References Predatory bugs and Plant-Feeding Mites bugs as Predators of Plant-Feeding Mites: execs and Cons relations Coccinellidae (Order Coleoptera): Stethorus Are Mite experts family members Staphylinidae (Order Coleoptera): Oligota Species should be invaluable Predators of Spider Mites Order Thysanoptera (Phlaeothripidae, Asolothripidae, Thripidae): Thrips will be Generalists or experts (Six-Spotted Thrips) Heteroptera (Hemiptera: real Bugs): Generalist Predators of Small Arthropods, together with Mites. Cecidomyiidae (Order Diptera): Feltiella Species will be powerful Predators of Spider Mites Order Neuroptera (Chrysopidae, Coniopterigidae, Hemerobiidae): Generalist Predators which can occasionally Feed on Mites Ants as Predators of T. urticae Spiders as Predators of Mites and Ticks: much less good Studied chosen References Pathogens and Symbionts of Mites and Ticks Microbial Symbionts and Pathogens Viruses of Mites and Ticks Fungal Pathogens Microsporidial Pathogens. Commercialization of Microbial insecticides. chosen References Exemplars of built-in Mite administration courses for Plant-Feeding Mites Classical organic keep an eye on of the Cassava eco-friendly Mite in Africa Steps in a Classical organic regulate software Cassava eco-friendly Mite (Mononychellus tanajoa) in Africa. keep an eye on Measures tried threat assessment for Classical organic keep an eye on Taxonomic difficulties Why now not Use African Phytoseiids as common Enemies? application expenditures and merits chosen References built-in Mite administration in Washington Apple Orchards The Apple environment. Mites on Apples IMM from the Nineteen Sixties to the Early Nineties issues of IMM within the Nineteen Nineties present and destiny alterations to IMM in Washington Apple Orchards. chosen References built-in Mite administration in California Almonds Almonds in California Pest Mites in California Almond Orchards. learn on regulate strategies mixed strategies of the IMM application up-to-date Almond Pest administration software chosen References built-in Mite administration in Citrus in Florida and California Citrus construction in Florida and California range in California Climates and Mite Species. handling Mites in Florida Citrus Groves examine wishes chosen References handling Mites on decorative vegetation forms of decorative vegetation. strategies for dealing with Pests of Ornamentals Mites on decorative vegetation Predatory Mite unencumber equipment in Greenhouses the way forward for Pest administration in Greenhouse Ornamentals chosen References Soil Mites and Agriculture Pest Mites of Honey Bees Varroa jacobsoni Biology and Taxonomy tracking for Varroa keep watch over of Varroa built-in Varroa administration. chosen References Tracheal Mite (Acarapis woodi) Biology built-in keep an eye on of Acarapis woodi chosen References Parasitic Mites of Mammals and Birds Ticks (Argasidae and Ixodidae) Ticks as Pests Biology of the Ixodidae Genera of the Ixodidae Biology of the Argasidae Pest administration of Ticks chosen References Pest Mites of Farm and spouse Animals chook pink Mite or Roost Mite, Dermanyssus gallinae (Dermanyssidae) eu or Northern chook Mite, Ornithonyssus sylviarum (Macronyssidae). Tropical bird Mite, Ornithonyssus bursa (Macronyssidae) Chiggers (Actinedida: Trombiculidae) Follicle Mites, Demodex (Actinedida: Demodicidae). Straw- or Hay-Itch Mites, Pyemotes (Actinedida: Pyemotidae) Fur Mites, Cheyletiella (Actinedida: Cheyletiellidae) Acaridid Mites as Parasites or Scavengers Endoparasites of farm animals chosen References Pest Mites of saved items and families Post-Harvest Pest Mites Acarine Pests of saved meals regulate of Mites in saved Grains and different meals saved Bulb Mites and Their keep watch over chosen References dirt Mites (Pyroglyphidae) the significance of airborne dirt and dust Mites Species of airborne dirt and dust Mites. Biology of airborne dirt and dust Mites built-in administration of dirt Mites and Their Allergens chosen References a few normal Conclusions approximately built-in Mite administration word list Index
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Extra info for Agricultural acarology : introduction to integrated mite management
The typical digestive tract of a mite includes the mouth, which opens into a muscular pharynx, which is connected to the stomach or ventriculus by a long esophagus. 11). A hindgut, divided into anterior and posterior regions, opens to the exterior either terminally or subterminally. The gut usually is provided with a number of paired diverticula. In some mites, a pair of Malpighian tubules may open into the hindgut. The stomach is small, and most of the midgut is formed by the large diverticulae or caecae in families in the Gamasida and in ticks (Ixodida).
The Terrestrial Acari of the British Isles, Vol. I. London: British Museum of Natural History. P. A. Hoy. 1985. Diapause behavior of genetically improved strains of the spider mite predator Metaseiulus occidentalis (Acarina: Phytoseiidae). Entomol. Exp. Appl. 38:113–120. Gerson, U. 1985. Webbing. In: W. W. ), Spider Mites: Their Biology, Natural Enemies, and Control, Vol. 1A (pp. 223–231). Amsterdam: Elsevier. Helle, W. 1967. Fertilization in the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae: Acari).
Entomol. Soc. Am. 65:1289–1293. L. E. Johnston. 1976. Guarding, aggressive behavior and mating success in male two-spotted spider mites. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 68:707–711. E. W. Baker. 1952. A guide to the spider mites of deciduous fruit trees. Hilgardia 21:253–287. R. G. Kennedy. 1988. Aerial dispersal of the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae) from field corn. Exp. Appl. Acarol. 5:33–46. Tsunoda, T. 1994. Mating behavior of the predacious mite, Amblyseius womersleyi Schicha (Acari: Phytoseiidae).