A Russian Factory Enters the Market Economy by Claudio Morrison

By Claudio Morrison

This ebook charts the reviews of a cloth company in Russia through the Nineteen Nineties, analysing post-Soviet administration and managerial practices in an effort to remove darkness from the content material, nature and course of commercial restructuring within the Russian privatised zone in the course of the years of monetary transition. in response to huge factory-level fieldwork, it focuses upon alterations in possession, administration and labour corporation, unveiling the advanced texture of social, communal and gender family within the place of work over a longer time period, together with via challenge and financial ruin, acquisition by means of new capitalist proprietors and tried restructuring. It argues, opposite to dominant Western managerial theories which blame the failure of transition at the irrationality of Russian managerial ideas, that the reason for the ongoing reliance on Soviet period managerial practices lay within the strange type of social family within the place of work that have been attribute of the Soviet method. It engages with key matters, frequently ignored within the literature, akin to social domination, strength and clash, that trap the not easy and open-ended personality of social and monetary transformation in post-Soviet creation. It demonstrates that faraway from an easy transition to a industry economic climate, the post-Soviet transition has reproduced many of the gains of the outdated Soviet approach, together with its styles of labour kin.

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A second question concerned the generalisability of the findings or what could be learned from the study of a specific site such as a single factory. Such questions have obviously been asked before; hereafter we 32 A Russian factory enters the market economy shall review the arguments put forward in fieldwork-based pioneering works which appealed to me for a certain similarity of circumstances with the present research. Economic marginality and social relevance: what can Ivanovo textiles teach us?

In order to design viable plans, the centre had to base its decisions on information concerning productive capacity and resources, which was 38 A Russian factory enters the market economy available only at enterprise level. Second, it had to set targets consistently with this information, making sure that balances between supply and demand be guaranteed at every level of the production–distribution chains. The plan was in fact drafted for the whole economy simultaneously and left no formal channel for adjustments.

Western economic orthodoxy concluded that the historical experience of planning had generated an overcentralised administrative hierarchy that kept the economy in a monopolistic grip and resisted any attempt at partial reform to avoid relinquishing its power. The restoration of economic rationality should pass through the dismantling of the ministerial system and the resurgence of market relationships. In so far as this approach can be related to the expectations raised by the reform programme of transition started in 1992, it did not find confirmation in the experience of its implementation.

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