By Vladimir V. Tkachuk

The concept of functionality areas endowed with the topology of pointwise convergence, or Cp-theory, exists on the intersection of 3 very important components of arithmetic: topological algebra, sensible research, and common topology. Cp-theory has an enormous function within the category and unification of heterogeneous effects from every one of those components of analysis. via over 500 conscientiously chosen difficulties and routines, this quantity offers a self-contained creation to Cp-theory and common topology. by means of systematically introducing all the significant subject matters in Cp-theory, this quantity is designed to convey a committed reader from simple topological rules to the frontiers of recent examine. Key positive factors comprise: - a special problem-based advent to the idea of functionality areas. - specified ideas to every of the provided difficulties and routines. - A accomplished bibliography reflecting the cutting-edge in glossy Cp-theory. - various open difficulties and instructions for additional learn. This quantity can be utilized as a textbook for classes in either Cp-theory and normal topology in addition to a reference advisor for experts learning Cp-theory and similar themes. This publication additionally presents various subject matters for PhD specialization in addition to a wide number of fabric appropriate for graduate research.

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**Example text**

Prove that any perfect image as well as any perfect preimage of a Cˇechˇ ech-complete. complete space is C 262. Prove that any discrete union as well as any countable product of Cˇechˇ ech-complete space. complete spaces is a C ˇ ech-complete space. Given a compact K & X, prove that there 263. Let X be a C exists a compact L & X such that K & L and w(L, X) ¼ o. In particular, any point of X is contained in a compact set of countable character in X. 264. Let X be a non-empty space and suppose that Y and Z are dense Cˇechcomplete subspaces of X.

Prove that, for any space X, we have the equality nw(X) ¼ nw(Cp(X)). In particular, the space Cp(X) has a countable network if and only if X has one. 173. Prove that d(X) ¼ c(Cp(X)) ¼ D(Cp(X)) ¼ iw(Cp(X)) for any space X. In particular, Cp(X) condenses onto a second countable space if and only if X is separable. 174. Prove that, for any space X, we have iw(X) ¼ d(Cp(X)). In particular, the space Cp(X) is separable if and only if X condenses onto a second countable space. 175. Suppose that c(K, Cp(X)) o for some compact subspace K of the space Cp(X).

217. Suppose that Z is a space and Y is a dense subspace of Z. Prove that, for any point y 2 Y, we have w(y, Y) ¼ w(y, Z). Deduce from this fact that, if Cp(X) has a dense metrizable subspace, then it is metrizable and hence X is countable. 218. (The Stone Theorem) Prove that every open cover of a metrizable space has an open refinement which is s-discrete and locally finite at the same time. In particular, every metrizable space is paracompact. 219. Let X be an arbitrary space. Prove that Cp(X) is paracompact if and only if it is Lindel€ of.