A Companion to Relativism by Steven D. Hales

By Steven D. Hales

A better half to Relativism provides unique contributions from top students that tackle the newest considering at the function of relativism within the philosophy of language, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of technology, common sense, and metaphysics.

  • Features unique contributions from a few of the top figures engaged on a variety of elements of relativism
  • Presents a considerable, vast variety of present pondering relativism
  • Addresses relativism from the various significant subfields of philosophy, together with philosophy of language, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of technology, common sense, and metaphysics

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Additional resources for A Companion to Relativism

Example text

Although we may not find the dilemma for alternativeness stated anywhere in the twentieth-century literature exactly as I have stated it here, it is routinely invoked by opponents of relativism in philosophical discussion. Opponents who would dismiss the doctrine as incoherent complain that they cannot make sense of what the relativist’s alternatives are supposed to be.

In intensional semantics, there is an auxiliary notion of propositional truth – call it “truthA” – which satisfies (RP): it is relative to a possible world whether a proposition is trueA. Truth in the ordinary sense is defined in terms of the auxiliary notion, namely as truthA at the actual world, and is absolute. However, it is instructive to consider what (GRP) would mean if the parameter P in question was construed to be that of possible worlds, and “true” as expressing the auxiliary notion.

Burnyeat, M. (1976a). Protagoras and self-refutation in later Greek philosophy. The Philosophical Review 85, 44–69. Burnyeat, M. (1976b). Protagoras and self-refutation in Plato’s Theaetetus. The Philosophical Review 85, 172–195. Evans, G. (1985). Does tense logic rest upon a mistake? In Collected Papers, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 343–363. Field, H. (1982). Realism and relativism. Journal of Philosophy 79, 553–567. Frege, G. (1892). Über sinn und Bedeutung. Zeitschrift für Philosophie und philosophische Kritik NF 100, 25–50.

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